Really, you would have to definitely live in caves on the moon, but on Mars, it might be possible to live above-ground. Professor of Space Sciences and Engineering, University of Michigan. Let us know why… Colonization … "Only by pushing mankind to its limits, to the bottoms of the … • We should colonize Mars to learn the answers to … Our home for bold arguments and big thinkers. The mission to colonize Mars runs into three major challenges. Mars spins at a pretty reasonable rate. Then it would just be a reminder of everything we’d lost. Here’s Why Colonize the Moon First?, Colonizing Venus with Floating Cities , Will We Ever Colonize Mars… And since a Martian year is much longer than an Earth year, the planets only align in the right way for travel once every two years. • We should colonize Mars to exploit its natural resources. As much as the colonies benefited from the positive features of colonialism, many instances still depict the downsides of this era. For one, is it ethical to colonize Mars in the first place? It is a subject that few people know about, which can help or hinder if you choose it. The moon is too harsh to be anything but a stepping stone toward life in space. From the discoveries of Aristotle and Galileo to modern science explorations, the moon has held profound mysteries and endless possibilities. Astronauts would be out on a tiny ship in the vastness of space. We have written many interesting articles on colonization here at Universe Today. If you think video conferencing is bad, imagine trying to have a conversation with someone with a 24-minute delay. Human exploratory missions targeting Mars are very expensive. This article was adapted from an original post on The Rocket Science Blog. Ultimately, many believe that we will eventually be forced to colonize space. We can build a base on its surface with relative ease. Likewise, there’s a variety of space organizations interested in going to Mars and none of them are in…, “The Coming Schism” by James E. and Alcestis R. Oberg explores what will happen when people finally colonize Mars. Mars has benefits not found on Earth. These are the core obsessions that drive our newsroom—defining topics of seismic importance to the global economy. Space is dangerous. If there were a large solar event that caused radiation to increase significantly, which happens a lot, then they would die unless the ship had extremely heavy-duty radiation shielding. Instead, let us note the benefits that can come from interplanetary colonization, even for those of us who decide to stay on the Earth’s surface. The pros and cons of space exploration let us explore the final frontier that we currently know. If we mined Mars for these types of raw materials, it would be incredibly expensive to get them back to Earth. It has been said that it will take no more than 50 years to fulfill the colonization of mars. As a space science professor, I believe this is the perfect opportunity to revive an important debate: If humans needed to beat a retreat from planet Earth, would it be better to live on Mars, or on the moon? The Obergs persuade their audience that not only is it inevitable for people…, These moon missions may also be used as a base of operations where humans will learn how to replenish essential supplies. One of the strongest arguments in favor of Mars colonization is the survival of mankind in the event of a global catastrophe. The way humans have treated it for the past several years may forebode a tragic ending. Colonizing another planet is in line with the human spirit of exploration. Remember that six-month trip to Mars? The article “A NASA-Funded engineer's plan to colonize Mars” from CNN was written by Kate ... along with other supplies to Mars, we’d have to do years of research first. Back to Teacher View. Some people theorize that there could actually be life there. The Constellation project also has objectives. One was bad enough that it could have killed all of the astronauts on the moon if there had been any. That possibility is fascinating and is one of the main reasons that we keep going back there. But while most experts agree that we’ll one day be able to send humans to Mars, not all of them think we should. In addition to studying space and its relevance to our own planet, NASA helps us understand how planet Earth has developed over the years, and how Earth can change in the coming years.…, The colonization of Mars could also help our knowledge of the world's beyond earth, through this colonization we could venture into greater knowledge and experience new things we haven’t had the opportunity to here on earth. To think about this I feel one must ask is how life with gravity is and what effect it will have on me. • We should colonize Mars to experiment with new ways of living. Mars is almost suitable for human life but thats the best we got. Ideas such as colonizing another planet is not unheard of and if humans do not consider the possible impacts in a new environment, this can be detrimental. A Mars colony will continue to be far off in the future until the funding and political winds shift. To sum up, space exploration is foremost and it is precious for people. Let’s not look at that either. Others have discussed microgravity’s effects on the human body, but Mars is not free-fall. Just as it’s easier to send supplies to the moon than it is to send them to Mars, shipping stuff from the moon back down to Earth is very, very cheap (read the Robert Heinlein book, The Moon is a Harsh Mistress). And if something horrific happened on Earth and it could no longer sustain life, Mars would be a much better place to live because of the possibility of finding water, its higher gravity, and its atmosphere. • We should colonize Mars as a backup planet. If I were to weigh 200 pounds (91 kilograms) on Earth, and I am not saying that I do, I would weigh 33 pounds (15 kilograms) on the moon and 75 pounds (34 kilograms) on Mars. So, from a purely commerce-oriented standpoint, a moon colony is a much better economical venture. Trump administration has recently signaled that it’s more interested in sending astronauts back to the moon, there were a lot of solar radiation events, some surface water, as well as interior water. It is worth for human life for many reasons such as discovering the unknown sciences in space.…, Throughout the book, Packing for Mars by Mary Roach, 5 excerpts gave me a good sense as to why the details discussed in the book are relevant. Sounds crazy, right? In 2030 NASA plans on launching a mission to Mars, but they need people educated to operate and undertake the space missions. Mars, on the other hand, is a totally separate planet that evolved on its own, had lots of cool geology (there are some really, really tall inactive volcanoes on Mars). Then, you begin to think if NASA will hire you after you applied 20 years ago. Ensuring the survival of our species. Vaishnavi Chandrashekhar wrote that “India marked its 101st space mission” and “There are signs that this is already happening.” (India Launches 101st Space Mission, and Looks to Mars.) The moon, on the other hand, is easy to get to, since it is much closer. Aaron Ridley is a professor of space sciences and engineering at the University of Michigan. The moon, on the other hand, has almost no atmosphere. Mars is also capitalized, while the moon is not. Statistically, Earth is one in a billion. Colonization would benefit Earthlings to do so. The simple answer to this is only the future can tell, but the future is now.…, It will be a great opportunity that can open many doors to knowledge. Another way the colonization of Mars could be profitable would be its open space. Instead, let us note the benefits that can come from interplanetary colonization, even for those of us who decide to stay on the Earth’s surface. Ultimately the goal of space exploration must be to go beyond the limits of our solar system, given that the Sun has a limited duration. A lot of people suffered exploits, mistreatments, forced labor, and some, even death, all in the hands of the cruelty of … It is mostly carbon dioxide, which is great for plants, but really sucks for us humans. The Obergs make assumptions according to what they believe will be the future for not only the people on Mars but also for the people on Earth. Also, if you want to have a conversation with someone on the moon from planet Earth, you would only have a few seconds of time delay. The atmosphere also means that we can pressurize domes and structures using air from outside. A day on the moon lasts as long as 28 Earth days, which would take a fair bit of adjustment. But many explorers who want to colonize Mars have as their main motivation that it is new. So would you want to colonize, Pros And Cons Of The Colonization Of Mars. Improving the quality of life on Earth. Mars has an atmosphere. This saves a huge amount of fuel (money). Let's take a look at some of the pros -- and cons -- of colonizing the moon. We have years of analysis, several probes, robots and an enormous amount of data about mars. The other rationale is that sending humans to Mars is a fancy feat that will merely appease our natural human curiosity. Therefore, space exploration is important for human life in the future. In order to save our species, we have to find possible solutions. Barack Obama from, “America Will Take the Giant Leap to Mars”…, In essence, their aspirations to verify their origins can potentially be fulfilled if they were to travel deep in space. “Only by pushing mankind to its limits, to the bottoms of the … But since it takes only three days to get there, it is easier to avoid times in which there may be radiation flare-ups. British doctor Alexander Kumar wrote that in a 2012 article for BBC News where he explored the pros and cons of sending humans to Mars. Kick off each morning with coffee and the Daily Brief (BYO coffee). Mars has benefits not found on Earth. Although humans have visited the moon before, it still harbors mysteries including the investigation of water ice near it’s poles. Don’t get me wrong, we do have rockets that can land tiny amounts of stuff on Mars. However, human…, With colonization, we will also be able to learn more about prolonged exposure in zero-g environments as well as the role gravity has in the development of our bodies. Colonizing Mars provides an opportunity to test out various utopian ideals. Because of the possibility for life and the very interesting geology that took place a long time ago, Mars provides a much better opportunity for scientific exploration. A day on Mars is roughly 24 hours, ... PROS AND CONS. Mars’s atmosphere could also stop a bunch of harmful EUV and energetic particles from the sun. However, development of the colony’s infrastructure is also vital. Its day is just over 24 hours long, so a day on Mars would be roughly equivalent to a day on Earth. With the recent discovery of flowing liquid water on Mars, talk has turned to what it would take to colonize Mars. In the long term, Mars wins. His podcast, X and Why, talks about science and technology. Gravity on Mars is more powerful than the gravity on the moon. Our emails are made to shine in your inbox, with something fresh every morning, afternoon, and weekend. Enjoy! Space colonization is not only a solution for our inevitable end, but also a salient opportunity for the scientific…, An example is SpaceX, who has been testing different rockets that can accurately land back toward the planet. Perhaps it would be preferable to use Mars as a staging post for … The real wild card for long-term health is the low gravity. There is about a two-week period in which you can launch a rocket to get from the Earth to Mars (called a “launch window”), and if you miss that, you are out of luck until the next time they align in the right way, two years later. The first benefit is one of the main reasons why Elon Musk believes that we should colonize Mars: it would mark the beginning of … Ugh. You’ve already got a great answer from Haseeb that goes into the scientific details. There are plans in the works to put boots on Mars in this generation. We have learned that they all behave in some similar ways, but there are strange differences between our … The moon has some surface water, as well as interior water, but we would probably have to live near the poles to access it. The atmosphere allows wind to blow, which helps to equalize the day-to-night temperature differences—but causes a lot of dust to move around, too. We also have plans drawn up for a long time. So, scientifically, Mars is a much better destination than the moon. There is an almost 300 degrees Celsius, or 572 degrees Fahrenheit, temperature difference between the day and night temperatures on the moon. It is a great challenge but colonizing Mars could be the start of the space revolution. But it’s really hard to get big objects to Mars. On the moon, the day is very hot and the night is very cold. Humans have been fascinated with the moon for millennia. Imagine if during the day, your house, car, and cloths had to be designed for Phoenix, Arizona, during the summer, and at night, everything had be designed for Antarctica in the winter. Once colonized, Mars will have millions of miles of free space to build on, which the could be sold to those on Earth who need somewhere to go, and cause the Martian economy to flourish.. Yes, there are already plans to colonize Mars. Meanwhile, there many powerful people who are immensely investing on getting humans to mars. That big, cold, lonely lump of rock spinning through the endless void 54.6 million kilometers away? Take a look at this post to read about why rockets have to be so big. The delay to Mars is between four and 24 minutes, depending on whether Mars is on “our side” of the sun or the opposite side. NASA wants, at the very least, to send some astronauts over to the Red Planet to check it out. Evidence suggests that water may exist in the subsurface all over Mars. Watching the Earth rise while sitting in my living room on the moon would be awesome. It would assume it would be hard to find data or facts about Mars or future colonization on Mars, but if you could it would be a strong argument. The Process Of Growing Plants Without Soil Essay. For an exploratory Mars program, a budget of several several tens of billion Euros has been estimated. © 2021 Quartz Media, Inc. All rights reserved. A comparable annual budget is presently spent … Luckily, it happened when everyone was safe on the Earth! However, sending people to Mars for long periods of time would be extremely unsafe, and we shouldn’t do it. Small spacecraft, such as Voyager 1, have traveled more than 138 AU from our planet since launching, with the goal of discovering what interstellar space may have in store. It Will Drive Technological Change on Earth. Yeah, you. This process of getting to Mars takes a lot of energy, and requires a huge rocket to get even a small amount of stuff on the surface. I think the article you choose was helpful identifying different pros and cons. This increased gravity on Mars helps keeps the atmosphere on the planet, and would also be useful for making objects stay put on the ground and keeping our bones a bit more robust. The moon is really close to Earth. You would still get a fair bit of radiation exposure, though. One side believes that by sending humans to Mars we are completing yet another great technological endeavor while gaining valuable understanding of life. Although some may question the justification of going to Mars, humans should colonize Mars for the benefit of all people. A solar event could happen on the way to the moon, too. Therefore, in this article, we shall be taking you through the pros and cons of colonizing mars. Unless we’d fled Earth because it had become a nuclear wasteland. But, is mars colonization worth enough to invest in? (Credit: TheFactSite). Besides the moon, Mars is the only current celestial object where a human being can try to visit and colonize. We have set foot on the Moon, and we’ve sent probes to almost every planet in our system. As land on Earth becomes more expensive and as the population grows, people will be wanting more places to go. Con: Colonizing Mars would be very Expensive. However, there are several arguments against humans colonizing Mars. Additionally, we should focus more on losing the fear of knowing what is out there in space. Evidence suggests that the moon is a big chunk of the Earth that split off a long, long time ago. Below mar's surface is frozen water. Though it has both pros and cons, still the ball falls under the court towards the need of outer-planet colonization. Also, people try to find another world for people because some people think earth not forever and there is another world in space that is people can live in such as Mars. Mars is really cool. We have rockets right now that can land a lot of stuff on the moon. They just want to be the first people on a new planet. Colonizing Mars provides an opportunity to test out various utopian ideals. Rockets would have to be built on (or in orbit around) Mars, and these would have to make the long journey back to Earth, which takes a lot of fuel. Furthermore, the geology of other planets can help us understand our own planet’s formation better. Even if Mars is a lifeless planet, whether it’s ethical to colonize Mars may depend on what kinds of consequences the mission has here on Earth. You would agree that the center of Antarctica in winter is cold, not the best of places to set up … It’s named after the Roman god of war. This is fine for a three-day journey to the moon, but would really not work for the six-month journey to Mars. Improving the quality of life on Earth. One objection that often gets raised when talking about … The colonization of Mars could benefit humankind because expanding our species to a second planet could help maintain our existence longer, the colonization of Mars could also help us as a way for people to gather information about the universe; and with this newly found research and information, we could discover new types of Life throughout new and never traveled galaxies. The Big Bang explosion most likely rocketed similar elements to celestial bodies that orbit other stars. Well done! Two experts weigh in on the pros and cons of trying to send humans to Mars. Based upon your lists of pros and cons Mars seems to be the better proposition. It is red. Hope to hear more! Also, because Mars’ day is relatively short, the day-to-night temperature difference is not too dramatic. Ready access to water would be important not only for our ability to stay hydrated and grow things, but because we would be able to use it to create oxygen to breathe. Colonizing another planet is in line with the human spirit of exploration. The first benefit is one of the main reasons why Elon Musk believes that we should colonize Mars: it would mark the beginning of extraterrestrial life for human beings. In order to get to Mars, you have to get completely away from Earth, move out to Mars, and then land softly on the planet’s surface. It only takes three days to get to the moon, while it takes six months to get to Mars. Cold. If you shot stuff in a canon off the moon at the right angle and speed, it would literally fall back to Earth. However, colonizing Mars implies many important problems and scientists are not sure yet whether Mars is really a promising option when it comes to populating other planets. A moon colony is a subject that few people know about, which is great from a radiation,. One had to choose, Mars is more powerful than the moon too! And it is a much more economically feasible location for a colony on Mars but! Life there geology of other planets can help us understand our own planet if we mined for. Currently know shine in your inbox, with something fresh every morning, afternoon, and humans play a role... Who are immensely investing on getting humans to Mars, and humans play a valuable role that. Wrong, we can go there pretty much whenever we want health is the survival mankind... 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